The International Tsunami Information Center is located in Honolulu, was created in November 1965 by resolution IV-6 of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (UNESCO). It is operated by the National Weather Service of the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which supplies directors and office personnel in Honolulu, Hawaii. The Associate Director has been supplied by the Naval Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service of Chile (Servicio Hydrographico y Oceanographico de la Armada de Chile) since 1998. IOC resolution X-23 authorized the ITIC’s mandate and duties in support of member states of the Intergovernmental Coordinating Group for the Pacific Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (ICG/PTWS, previously ITSU) (1977). To fulfill its objective of reducing tsunami risks by enhancing tsunami preparedness for all Pacific Ocean countries, ITIC maintains and builds partnerships with scientific research and academic institutions, civil defense agencies and the general public. ITIC is also helping to design and deploy tsunami warning and mitigation systems around the world (IOC Resolutions XXIII-12, 13, and 14). (Indian, Caribbean and Mediterranean respectively, 2005).
The responsibilities of ITIC are:
- To oversee worldwide tsunami warning efforts in the Pacific and other oceans and make recommendations for improving communications, data networks, acquisition and processing, tsunami forecasting methodology and information delivery.
- To disseminate information to members and non-members about the Tsunami Warning System, IOC and ITIC issues, and to be an active participant in the ICG/PTWS.
- To support member states in the mitigation of tsunami risk through the development of national and regional warning systems, as well as comprehensive mitigation programs.
- Serves as a clearinghouse for the production of educational and introductory materials, the collection of incident data, and to encourage research and its application to avoid loss of life
ITIC has a global and domestic reach.
Globally, ITIC provides outreach and training to nations, particularly participants in the Pacific Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (PTWS) and Tsunami and Other Coastal Hazards Warning System for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions (CARIBE-EWS). ITIC provides remote real-time assistance to requested countries during tsunami events.
ITIC participates in and supports the US National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program, which includes NOAA, USGS, and FEMA as US federal agencies and covers 28 coastal states, territories, and the Commonwealth. Hawaii, as well as the Pacific island states of American Samoa, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands, receive special assistance from ITIC. Provides personal assistance to HI EMA EOC during ITIC Alert Event.
World Tsunami Awareness Day
The United Nations declared 5 November as World Tsunami Awareness Day in United Nations Resolution 70/203, which was approved on 22 December 2015. The day coincides with the International Day for Disaster Reduction (October 13) and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, which has seven goals.
There are situations worse than a tsunami, apart from mass starvation, a pandemic, or a nuclear disaster. Tsunamis are unusual events that can be one of the deadliest and most costly hazards. They have an impact on a wide range of industries, although agriculture, housing and tourism are the most vulnerable.
A recurring theme is the need for education, particularly evacuation exercises, to ensure that communities react decisively and calmly when a tsunami warning is issued. Local tsunamis make it even more important that everyone recognizes the natural warning signs of a tsunami and evacuate as soon as possible, as waves can hit within minutes. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, which was approved at the 2015 United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, is the successor to the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015 established at the 2005–205 United Nations World Conference. disaster risk reduction. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction is a concise, focused, forward-looking and action-oriented framework that prioritizes greater preparedness and improved recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. The Sendai Framework will be implemented more effectively thanks to World Tsunami Awareness Day, which places individuals and communities at the center of disaster risk reduction.
The date of November 5 is based on a storied and example of a good practice known in Japan as “Inamura-no-hee” (rice sheaf burning) that occurred on November 5, 1854. 1854 Ansei Nankai earthquake, which resulted in a huge tidal tragedy.
Hiromura, a small village on the Kii Peninsula in western Japan, was hit by the tsunami (present-day Hirokawa City, Wakayama Prefecture). When Hamaguchi Goryeo, a local farmer, observed a falling tide and a rapid drop in the water level of the well after the earthquake, he predicted a large tsunami (a natural tsunami warning signal). As a warning, he set fire to his treasured pile of rice, his entire year’s harvest, as a signal to his fellow villagers to flee to higher ground. Residents saw the tsunami destroy their village from the top of a mountain. He realized that it was the fire that had saved him.
Because “World Tsunami Awareness Day” is for the protection of people’s lives, Japan recommended this date. It should be linked to examples of “traditional, indigenous and local knowledge and customs” such as “Inamura-no-en”.
What are tsunamis and how do they happen?
A tsunami (pronounced soo-na-mees) is a series of giant waves caused by an underwater disturbance such as earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, or meteorites (often referred to as “tidal waves”). In the open ocean, a tsunami can travel at hundreds of miles per hour and hit land with waves of 100 feet or more.
Where the tsunami started, the waves move in all four directions. As the wave gets closer to the beach, it gets bigger. The magnitude of the wave will be affected by the geography of the shoreline and sea level. There may be more than one wave, and each one may be larger than the one before it. This is why a small tsunami on the coast can turn into a giant wave just a few kilometers later. Tsunamis are all potentially damaging, even if they don’t damage every shoreline. Tsunamis can strike anywhere along the coastline of the United States. Tsunamis have been particularly devastating along the coasts of California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska and Hawaii.
Tsunamis are usually caused by earthquake-induced displacement of the ocean floor. Even before a warning is issued, if a significant earthquake or landslide occurs near the coast, the first wave in the wave sequence can reach the beach within minutes. Areas less than 25 feet above sea level and within a mile of a beach are more vulnerable. Drowning is the most common cause of tsunami-related mortality. Structures in the run-up zone are severely damaged by tsunami waves and retreating waters. Other hazards include flooding, contaminated drinking water, and fires caused by bursting gas lines or tanks.
- World Population Day 2021
- Mundakapdam Mandiram Hospital
- Actor Robert Downey Jr.’s father Robert Downey Sr. has died at the age of 85.
- With a Game 5 victory over the Montreal Canadiens, the Tampa Bay Lightning repeated as Stanley Cup champions.
- Scarlett Johansson is expecting her first child with Colin Jost.